ISBAR study

Research at Monash Simulation has focused on both the methods of education delivery and on practical techniques to improve patient safety in the clinical environment. Our educators and researchers maintain clinical roles and keep up to date with current evidence and issues in their areas of expertise. This expertise is used to develop education and research questions that are addressed by simulation techniques.

The simulation program is a contributing centre to the Monash Injury Research Institute (MIRI,; an international research collaborative addressing all forms of injury, from injuries in the home, to road trauma and disaster resilience. The patient safety research conducted at the Centre has concentrated around effective teamwork and its translation into clinical settings.

Monash Simulation also has strong links with HealthPEER, the Monash University Health Professional Education and Education Research team within the Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences ( Several of our staff teach on the Graduate Certificate and Masters programs administered via HealthPEER.

Research positions can be organised either directly with Monash Simulation for employees of Monash Health, or via research scholarships organised through MIRI or HealthPEER.


Recent Publications

Training Of Simulation Educators
Hogan, J., Flanagan, B., Marshall S. What facilitation skills and behaviours optimise students’ learning when using a simulator in the ‘pause and discuss’ mode? Focus on Health Professional Education: A Multi-Disciplinary Journal 2008 10 (2);36-37

Ballinger Doran, S. Preparation (familiarisation) of learners into the simulation-based learning environment. Masters’ of Education Thesis, 2011 Monash University.

Human Factors And Patient Safety
Marshall, S.D., Kitto, S., Shearer, W., Wilson, S.J., Finnigan, M.A., Sturgess, T., Hore, T., Buist. M.D. Why don't hospital staff activate the Rapid Response System (RRS)? How frequently is it needed and can the process be improved? Implementation Science 2011, 6:39

Marshall, S.D., Hogan, J.A. The use of medical simulation to improve patient safety in E-Health Technologies and Improving Patient Safety: Exploring Organizational Factors (2012)

Clinical Communication
Marshall S.D., Harrison J, Flanagan B. The teaching of a structured tool improves the clarity and content of inter-professional clinical communication. Quality and Safety in Healthcare 2009 18(2) 137-140

Finnigan, M., Marshall, S.D., Flanagan, B. ISBAR for clear communication: One hospital’s experience spreading the message. Australian Health Review 2010 34:400-404

Pryor, E., Marshall, S., Woodward-Kron, R., McNamara, T. Interactions in telephone handovers: implications for communication protocols. (2012 Under Review)

Marshall, S.D., Flanagan, B., Joseph, M., & Bujor, M. (2007). Attitudes to Safety and Teamwork in the Operating Theatre, and the Effects of a Program of Simulation Based Team Training. In J. M. Anca (Ed.), Multimodal Safety Management and Human Factors: Crossing the Borders of Medical, Aviation, Road and Rail Industries (pp. 211-220). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.

Marshall S.D., Flanagan, B. Simulation-based education for building clinical teams. Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock 2010 3(4): 360-368